LEGAL LIABILITY OF MINORS IN POLISH, CZECH REPULIC AND SLOVAKIAN PENAL SYSTEM

  • Ćmiel Sylwia Alcide De Gasperi University of Euroregional Economy in Józefów, 2 Sienkiewicza St. Józefów 05-420, Poland

Abstract

Abstract :In foreign jurisdictions, various models of responsibility for juvenile offenses are adopted. In many countries, like Poland, entirely separate regulations in this field are adopted (England and Wales, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Spain, Ireland, Germany, Scotland, Switzerland, Sweden). In other countries like (Slovakia, Belarus, Estonia, Greece to 2003, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Russia, Slovenia, Ukraine), there are specific rules of responsibility of minors included in criminal codes and codes of criminal proceedings. Different solutions in this regard are partly due to the different traditions of legal systems, and partly due to various axiomatic justifications formulated in these matters. Review of legislation on minority in selected European countries: Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic shows that in terms of the approach to the problem of minority in all legal systems, specific interaction of children and young people who come into conflict with the criminal law are included, as well as those that show signs of corruption, making their proper personal and social development threatened. Adoption of selected concepts of minors legislation, however, does not mean more or less severe approach to the liability of minors. Both discussed issues the theoretical and practical ones, are the subject of the deliberations beneath, their structure includes: 1. Problems of minors in the European countries2. Minors in Polish criminal justice system3. Minors’ responsibility in Slovakian  criminal justice system4. Czech criminal justice system in relation to a minorKeywords: Polish criminal law, Slovakian criminal law, Czech Republic criminal law, proceedings in juvenile cases, resocialization.
Published
2014-12-10
How to Cite
SYLWIA, Ćmiel. LEGAL LIABILITY OF MINORS IN POLISH, CZECH REPULIC AND SLOVAKIAN PENAL SYSTEM. Anales Universitatis Apulensis Series Jurisprudentia, [S.l.], n. 17, dec. 2014. ISSN 1514-4075. Available at: <http://journals.uab.ro/index.php/auaj/article/view/30>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017.