THE TRIBUNAL OF STATE AND CONSTITUTIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY IN POLAND

Bień-Kacała Agnieszka

Abstract


The accountability (impeachment in Anglo-Saxon countries) of persons exercising powers in the name of the Nation is a matter of particular importance. For that purpose, in the governmental system of Poland, a special body has been appointed to settle the cases of violating constitutional regulations. This body is the Tribunal of State.

This important State authority was already provided by the Constitution of May 3, 1791 (sc the Sejm Court). It existed in the constitutional regulations of March 1921 and April 1935, but was neglected in the Constitution of 1952. The Tribunal of State returned to the constitutional system in 1982 on the wave of political reforms.

Keywords: tribunal of state, constitutional accountability, constitutional regulations.


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