LEGAL CHANGES AGAINST THE FAMILY AND SINGLE PEOPLE IN TWENTY FIRST CENTURY IN POLAND

Małgorzata Such Pyrgiel

Abstract


Abstract: The ongoing decline in fertility lasting for several years concerns increasingly entering another youth in the age of procreation. The process of deferring the decision about marriage, and therefore the decision of procreation has negative consequences of demographic nature at the present and for the next few years, we have and we will have to deal with the decline in the fertility rate, decrease in the number of new marriages and an increase in the number of people living alone. The main problems noted by the Central Statistical Office is the excess of death rates in the connection to the number of births, zero or negative replacement of generation rate which is related to the process of aging of the population in Poland. This situation poses a threat to the state and its society, as the decreasing number of people of working and reproductive age and therefore increasing number of population of retirement age causes a burden on the state budget. To prevent further progression of such a scenario, the Polish government for protecting the social policy should “assist couples in making and implementing the decisions of the free parents, the government should take care of the security of biological existence of the society[1].”

These demands are met by the family and population policy, which is a constituent part of social policy, and goals and instruments of those of family policy are determined basing on the demographic social and economic situation of the country. The alarming population decline, changes in family structure, increasing level of education of polish society and professional activation of women have considerably contributed to the spread of the idea of living alone in Poland.          
This article shows legislative changes made by the Polish government for the last few years, because as written in the Constitution of Poland, marriage is a union between a woman and a man, family and parenting and motherhood are under the protection and care of the Polish Republic.

Keywords: single man, single woman, singlehood, unmarried, never married, not married, singleness


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